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The young will nurse for about 72 days before being weaned. I’ve already written about Brazilian three-banded armadillos, so I thought that I would write about another member of the family called the pink fairy armadillo. Adult pumas and jaguars are the only South American mammals powerful enough to be a natural threat. With the help of over 7,000 of the world’s best wildlife filmmakers and photographers, conservationists and scientists, Arkive.org featured multi-media fact-files for more than 16,000 endangered species. The underside of the body and the inner surfaces of the legs have no armored prot… A three-banded armadillo and her young. These species are found in the grassy lands in Brazil and they mostly feed on larvae of beetles. Giant armadillos are the largest species, and are about 5 feet (1.5 meters) long, according to National Geographic. Eight prominent varieties are tagged as nine-banded armadillo, giant armadillo, large hairy armadillo, three-banded armadillo, pink fairy armadillo, six-banded armadillo, northern naked-tailed armadillo, and pichi or dwarf armadillo. These armadillo species inhabit the scrub forest or Savannah/grasslands. 13. They do not dig burrows like most armadillos, but use the abandoned burrows of anteaters when they can get them. An armadillo's armor is made up of overlapping plates covering the back, h… The main staples of its diet are ants and termites, which it can smell through up to 20 centimeters of soil. 12. Southern Three-banded Armadillo mainly eats termites and ants. Three Banded Armadillo. Three Banded Armadillos hunt for food by burrowing into underground nests and under decaying vegetation. Armadillos are chiefly solitary, but this species will occasionally travel in small family groups of up to three members. The Brazilian Arboreal Mouse is missing its … The young armadillo is weaned at 10 weeks and reaches sexual maturity at 9–12 months. Three-banded armadillos can be found in eastern Bolivia, southwestern Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina. If a predator puts a paw or nose into that space to try to pry the armadillo open, the little animal slams its shell shut—ouch! Armadillos can be pinkish, dark-brown, black, red, gray or yellowish in color. Nine-banded Armadillo Facts Contrary to popular belief, the nine-banded armadillo can not roll itself into a ball to escape predators!! The southern three-banded armadillo is one of only two species that can do so. Only armadillo that can roll into a ball ; Only mammal with a shell They then quickly snap shut in an effort to startle the predator. There are 20 different species of armadillos, and each one is named according to its physical characteristics. NATURAL HABITAT The three-banded armadillo lives in farmlands and semi-arid regions of lowlands. The Three Banded Armadillo is extremely easy for hunters to capture and kill. The lifespan of an armadillo ranges from 4 to 30 years. Armadillos are classified as xenarthrans, a … Those claws are terrific tools! An armadillo’s shell is made up of bony plates covered by thick, hard skin. Fun Facts about Armadillos. Three-banded armadillos can be found in eastern Bolivia, southwestern Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina. The 2 nd, 3 rd and 4 th toes of the hind foot are grown together, almost like a hoof. In March 2012, the Brazilian weekly, Veja, reported the three-banded armadillo would be the official mascot for the FIFA World Cup. Only one armadillo species (nine-banded armadillo) lives in North America. Until the 1990s, the species was thought to be extinct, now it is classified as vulnerable. Fun Facts. It has suffered a 30% decline in population in the last 10 years. Physical Description: The three-banded armadillo is the only armadillo that can roll completely into a ball to protect itself from predators and thorny vegetation. 2 species out of the 20 are the members of the Three Banded Armadillo family. Some species prefer to live near sandy areas. In fact, only the three-banded armadillo can, curling its head and back feet and contorting its shell into a hard ball that confounds would-be predators. The other types are covered with too many bony plates to allow them to curl up. The southern three-banded armadillo gets its name by the number of bands on their shell. They weigh 1–1.6 kg (2.2–3.5 lb). Armadillos are small mammals with a shell of armored plates that protect them from predators. This armor covers the back, sides, head, tail, ears, and outside surfaces of the legs. An armadillo’s shell is made up of bony plates covered by thick, hard skin. The pink fairy armadillo is the smallest species. Three-banded armadillos are blackish brown in color. Nine-banded Armadillo Facts Contrary to popular belief, the nine-banded armadillo can not roll itself into a ball to escape predators!! The Caatinga Association, a Brazilian environmental NGO, launched in January 2012 a national campaign proposing the three-banded armadillo to become mascot of the 2014 FIFA World Cup hosted by Brazil. Due to the amount of plates on other armadillos, this is the only armadillo that can curl up into a ball. Most animals have three moveable bands, although some possess only two, and others may have four. The genus Tolypeutes, which includes both the Brazilian and southern species of three-banded armadillos, is unique in the ability to roll up in a tight, almost impenetrable ball. When the armadillo rolls into a defensive ball, the ears are tucked into the shell and the head and tail interlock to seal the shell completely. Here are five interesting facts about them: These cute little mammals only grow about 11 cm long, making them the smallest species of armadillo in the world. Habitat and Diet. It is the most rare species of armadillo: most live in the region called Caatinga, in north-east Brazil. They Can Carry Leprosy . They are rarely seen west of 50°W longitude. Ecosystem Engineers. The Brazilian three-banded armadillo (Tolypeutes tricinctus) and the southern three-banded armadillo (Tolypeutes matacus) are the only armadillo species that can roll … This is because their armor is slightly looser than that of other armadillo genera, which allows for greater freedom of movement. A short, thick tail tapers the rear of the Three Banded Armadillo’s 218-273 mm, 1.0 – 1.50 kg body. The loose armor also creates a layer of air between the shell and the body, which insulates the animal. Amazing Facts About the Armadillo. They have one baby at a time. Most animals have three moveable bands, although some possess only two, and others may have four. The armor hardens by the third or fourth week, around the same time the eyes and earflaps open. The gestation period of a three banded armadillo is around 120 days. Its range has expanded into several southern states since it was first observed in Texas… Three Banded Armadillo. Other 19 types live in South America. Although its armor might seem like the armadillo’s most remarkable feature, these fascinating animals also exhibit a number of other traits that provide examples of interesting biological concepts.

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